Modern sociological education (professional or non-professional) should be based on the latest educational technologies.

It is also important to note that in many respects, according to their main characteristics, the components of the quality of education are universal. But still, perhaps, it is true that one or another specific area of ​​education (technical, natural, socio-humanitarian, etc.) adds its own, unique features.

If we talk about sociological education, such components that ensure (should) ensure its quality are the following:

1. Professional training of teachers, their personal qualities (decency, responsibility, principledness, tolerance, etc.). 2. Methodical support of the educational process (textbooks, methodical developments, etc.). 3. The presence of a system of control and evaluation of teaching, the buy a comparison essay online now level of knowledge of students, adequate to modern requirements. 4. Application of modern educational technologies (active teaching methods, TCO, Internet technologies, etc.). 5. Involvement of teachers and students in research activities. 6. Compliance of curricula in sociological disciplines with modern requirements. 7. Contacts with leading foreign sociologists. 8. Logistics of the educational process. 9. Provision of scientific literature on sociology that meets modern requirements. 10. Use of materials of sociological researches. 11. The focus of teaching on the formation of social qualities of the modern specialist. 12. Stimulation of independent work of students.

Thus, the main strategic priorities for reforming sociological education are:

1. Training and retraining (retraining) of teachers of sociological disciplines and researchers.

The peculiarities of the formation of sociological education are that often teachers do not have professional education, and mass forms of professional development (available to teachers of small universities and those who work outside the main sociological centers) are ineffective. Forms of effective professional development that meet modern requirements, such as summer schools, master classes, internships at leading universities, etc., have not yet become widespread. It is necessary to solve the problem of creating a system of advanced training more persistently.

2. Generalization of new practices of teaching sociology, use in the educational process of research results.

Modern sociological education (professional or non-professional) should be based on the latest educational technologies. First of all, we mean its interactivity, the use of information technology, but also polyparadigm, tolerance, democracy and more. Attention to extracurricular, independent work as an important component of students’ acquisition of knowledge, skills and abilities needs to be strengthened. No less important in this regard is the use of new practices for assessing the level of knowledge of students. An integral part of the educational process should be the results of scientific research (especially the latest), analysis of real practice.

3. Educational-methodical and scientific support of the educational process.

We are talking about modernization, updating of scientific and methodological support, and the creation of a modern scientific and methodological complex, adequate to the requirements of multilevel education.

4. Establishing contacts with foreign scientists.

Of course, such communicative contacts have always existed. Again, it is not just a question of whether they are there or not, but above all, in my opinion, the lack of a system in this work, the lack of impulse from the university management to establish such contacts by teachers and scientists.

5. The focus of the educational process on the formation of social culture of the future specialist.

This is without exaggeration, perhaps, the “thinnest” component and direction of reforming sociological education. It seems to me that she needs, in the face of efforts to achieve progress, high professionalism of the teacher and his authority, the ability to create a favorable socio-psychological and creative atmosphere in the audience, and so on. Apparently, it is also true that this component of the quality of education is not lucky, it has not yet taken its rightful place.

It is widely believed that this is not at all the area in which efforts should be focused. Consequently, this dimension of sociological education in real practice is almost not paid attention. But it is sociology that has effective tools for shaping the social qualities needed by the specialist in the 21st century.

First of all, because not only provides the student with knowledge of the fundamental laws of society, but also, analyzing the real society, helps to understand that the social and civic culture of participation in public life is today (and will be in the future ) no longer a personal matter. and the key to the effective development of the citizen, a sense of confidence of the specialist in professional life.

literature

1. Volovich VI Sociological education in Ukraine // Sociology: theory, methods, marketing. – 1998 .– -21-2.

2. The attitude of the academic community of the higher school of Ukraine to changes and reforms. Analytical report. http: // www. ues. org. ua: 8102 / index. php.

3. Monitoring system and evaluation of education quality. Analytical research in the reform of national educational policy. http: // www. ues. org. ua: 8102 / index. php.

4. Education in Ukraine. Report of the Minister of Education and Science of Ukraine at the II All-Ukrainian Congress of Educators // Education of Ukraine, No. 47, October 12, 2001.

05/30/2012

Political self-determination of young people. Abstract

Political self-determination of young people takes place in an environment where society is faced with the alternative of choosing a further path of development

In this situation, sociologists state that young people have not yet determined their place in these complex processes, although in general they welcome the changes that have taken place. Therefore, the majority takes a passive, waiting position and only 10-15% are ready to act actively. Today, we are also witnessing the struggle for youth by many political parties and movements, and the process of youth self-determination is becoming increasingly political, intensifying during large-scale political campaigns such as local and central elections.

This struggle for young people is often reduced to the desire to win their votes at any cost and to recruit them to participate in one-time political rallies as extras. Only a few parties and political associations have youth sections (Republican Party, MFF) and a developed youth action program. The most active in this regard are the radical parties, whose members are mostly young people prone to specific, often unconstitutional actions – UNA-UNSO, SNPU and others.

Another trend of the transition period is the reduction of youth representation in management structures, in various echelons of power. The alienation of young people from participation in management has two interrelated features: increasing passivity and distrust of young people in official government, where there are very few of their peers, and growing interest in purely youth groups and associations that do not have bureaucratic forms of work.

The most common characteristics of political self-determination of young people in the modern period include:

conflicting aspirations among young people regarding Ukraine’s future status as a state: most young people want to live in an independent sovereign state, but up to a third of young people want to see Ukraine as part of a CIS-like entity or a federation of former Soviet republics; If every second respondent was interested in the political situation during Gorbachev’s perestroika in the former USSR, now only 0.8% of respondents are interested in political issues, 19% of young people are not interested in politics at all, and almost 55% are only annoyed … More than half of the young people surveyed are only interested in politics when it concerns them personally; continuing to strengthen the tendency to deport the mass consciousness of young people and their political behavior; current youth in political parties occupy only 1% of the total number of their members; therefore, political parties and movements do not have a stable foothold in the youth environment; indifferent attitude of the youth to purely youth organizations and associations; this is evidence of the “privatization” of the lives of the majority of young people, their withdrawal from attempts to solve their own problems and the problems of society, the inability to express themselves and their needs through constructive mass actions; the attitude of young people to various forms of social protest has remained unchanged and consists in supporting legal legal actions and condemning such actions that are outside the legal field.

Therefore, the purpose of youth policy in this regard is to support the political definition of youth, promote youth politicized formation of prosocial orientation, strengthen their constructive activity, consolidate efforts to strengthen the Ukrainian state, democratization and humanization of society.

Given the general strategic orientation of social policy towards the integration of youth into society, it is now tactically important to promote disintegration processes in its environment in order to form their own youth socio-political structures with the interests of a diverse youth environment and their further inclusion in society on a new democratic basis.

literature

1. Bebyk VM, Golovaty MF, Rebkalo VA Political culture of modern youth. – K.: 1996.

2. Golovaty MF, Onion B. C. Problems of youth policy \\ Philosophical and sociological thought. – 1992, – No. 4.

3. Ikonnikova SN Sociology of youth. – L.: 1985.

4. Youth policy: Experience, problems, prospects \\ Proceedings of the international scientific-practical conference (in 2 hours), K.: 1992.

5. Youth of Ukraine: Status, problems, solutions. – K.: 1995.

05/30/2012

Social management: modern management and its classification. Abstract

From the scientific point of view of management is the directed coordination and the organization of object of management. This area of ​​activity arose during the division of labor. With its help a person influences technological, economic and social processes to achieve certain goals

Modern management science is divided into two levels of knowledge. The first is represented by theories of social management, which are part of more general political-economic and socio-philosophical concepts that explain the mechanism of functioning of society at different historical stages.